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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures, which are sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain. These seizures can vary widely in their presentation, from brief lapses in awareness to convulsions involving involuntary movements and loss of consciousness.

It affects millions globally and can develop at any age. 

The causes of epilepsy are diverse and may include 

  • genetic factors, 
  • brain injuries, 
  • infections, 
  • developmental disorders, 
  • or abnormalities in brain structure or function. 

Diagnosis typically involves a thorough medical history, neurological examination, and various diagnostic tests such as electroencephalography (EEG) and brain imaging.

Living with epilepsy can pose significant challenges for individuals, impacting their daily activities, relationships, and overall quality of life. Fear of seizures, social stigma, and limitations on driving and employment are common concerns faced by those with epilepsy.

Treatment for epilepsy often involves medications to control seizures, although surgical interventions, dietary therapies, and neuromodulation techniques may also be considered depending on the specific circumstances. It is important for individuals with epilepsy to work closely with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to their needs.

While epilepsy cannot always be cured, many individuals with the condition are able to effectively manage their seizures and lead fulfilling lives. Increasing public awareness, promoting access to healthcare and support services, and fostering understanding and acceptance are essential steps towards improving the lives of those affected by epilepsy!

Epilepsy Foundation, India is a premier organization working in this area. Samman Association also works towards creating epilepsy awareness. 

With ongoing research and advocacy efforts, we can strive towards a world where epilepsy is better understood, treated, and supported!

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Familiarize yourself with and expand your vocabulary of disability-related terminology! 
L - Lesson Plan
L - Learning needs
H - Hope
E - Employment opportunities
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